The Green Paper is a document analyzing state policies which is meant to initiate discussion of a certain problem among the stakeholders.

The key participants in the legislative process (MPs, Government representatives, employees of the Secretariat of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine), and also judges applying legislation in practice have repeatedly articulated the problem of low quality of legislation. The USAID RADA Program has developed a Green Paper to clarify this problem as well as to look for possible ways to address it for continued discussion of legislative process quality among the interested parties. The outcome of the discussion should consist in achieving a consensus on ways to improve the quality of laws, followed by real steps to ensure its implementation.

The Green Paper were presented on the public consultation with stakeholders conducted by USAID RADA Program on January, 21,2018. According to the results of this consultation stakeholders` proposition were included in Green Paper by USAID RADA Program`s experts.

The Green Paper analyzes, from the legal and functional viewpoints, the concept of legislative quality and the factors underlying the problem and causing its development and aggravation. Moreover, the document presents recommendations from various stakeholders on ways to eliminate the causes of the problem.

We emphasize that the Green Paper is aimed not to provide a “one and only” solution to the problem but to initiate discussion on legislative quality leading to subsequent work to address the issue.

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Programs of international technical assistance to the Parliament of Ukraine, supported by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) since 1994, have conducted surveys of MPs of Ukraine since 1998. The surveys cover the main aspects of legislative activity, the institutional capacity of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, the work of the MPs of Ukraine in the Parliament itself and in the constituencies, the work of the Secretariat of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, and the activities of Ukrainian civil society organizations, international donors and technical assistance providers.

The Report presents the results of the 10th survey, which was implemented by the Kyiv International Institute of Sociology at the request of the «USAID RADA Program: Responsible Accountable Democratic Assembly».

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The USAID RADA Program ensures effective communication between voters and MPs, involves citizens in the legislative process, and informs them of the activities of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine.

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In a democratic state, which Ukraine seeks to be, the Parliament’s representative function is a key one, providing for a variety of formats for Ukrainian MPs’ direct or indirect communication with their constituents. It is an integral component of the exercise of an MP’s responsibilities. Thus, Article 24 of the Law of Ukraine No. 2790-XII “On the Status of a People’s Deputy of Ukraine” of November 17, 1992, provides that the MPs must “constantly maintain contact with the voters, study the public opinion, the needs and demands of the population” and also “inform the voters about their activities as MPs through the mass media, at meetings
of voters periodically, but no less than twice a year.” Moreover, Article 7 of the Law states that “the People’s Deputies elected in single-member election districts shall maintain contact with voters in their districts” and that “the People’s Deputies elected in the multi-member nationwide election district shall contact voters residing in the territory of Ukraine by means of personal representation determined by the deputy factions (groups) of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine in accordance with the law.”
Voters are showing great interest and readiness to follow the MPs’ activities in the periods between the elections, looking for information delivered firsthand. Such interest can be seen for example from the results of a sociological survey conducted at the end of 2017 by the Razumkov Center.1 Thus, more than half of the Ukrainians (53.6%) are interested in information on the activities of the Parliament. At the same time, an even higher share of the respondents (56.2%) say that the information about the Verkhovna Rada coming to them from the media is mostly of a negative nature, while almost one third (32%) believe that today there is not enough information on the activities of parliamentarians in the election districts. It is also eloquent that one third of the respondents (33.3%) do not even know which of the MPs represents their district in the Verkhovna Rada.

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This is yet another year in Ukraine with crackdown on corruption on the agenda. Some MPs have been trying for a rather long time to influence the shaping of anti-corruption policy, but usually those attempts have not been appropriately supported in the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine.

 However, due to efforts on the part of certain parliamentarians and civil activists as well as to support from international partners, key legislative acts incorporating a number of important anti-corruption novelties have been adopted in the past two years. Thus an absolutely new system of law enforcement and investigative bodies was created,enabling citizens to contro public servants through new institutional opportunities: open registers, electronic declarations, etc.

 This manual is meant to provide the readers with an insight into the key anti-corruption novelties.

Author: Oleksandr Liemienov
Translated by Andriy Frolkin
Kyiv 2016

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The Methodology was elaborated by Serhiy Pantsyr, Lesya Shevchenko and Ivan Sikora in the framework of the “Public Monitoring of the Allocation of Electoral Districts” Project by the Open Society Foundation and is an integral part of activities of the USAID RADA Program implemented by the East Europe Foundation.  The Program aims to promote a representative, accountable and independent parliament – the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine.

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The development of the Concept of Comprehensive Amendments to the Rules of Procedure of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine is made possible by the generous support of the American people through the Unites States Agency for International Development as a part of a project implemented by the Agency for Legislative Initiatives within the USAID “RADA Program: Responsible Accountable Democratic Assembly”. The contents are the responsibility of the Agency for Legislative Initiatives and do not necessarily reflect the views of the USAID RADA Program, USAID or Government of the United States.

Author: Serhii Linetskyi
Translated by Ganna Stembkovska
Kyiv 2015

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The publication contains the results of a survey of MP`s of the eighth convocation of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine; the poll was designed by RADA Program and conducted by Kyiv International Institute of Sociology (KIIS). KIIS is a private research company, one of the leading sociological companies in Ukraine that operates in the market of public opinion services for 25 years already. Professors of the National University of Kyiv-Mohyla Academy, namely, Paniotto V.I. and Khmelko V.Y. are co-founders of KIIS.

KIIS conducts both own researches and researches on request. KIIS has a network of interviewers (about 500 people in all regions of Ukraine) what makes it possible to held studies representative for Ukraine in general and for its regions in particular. Major scientific specialization of KIIS are international comparative studies. The Institute carries out wide range of studies – from political and socio-economic to marketing researches, 80 – 100 studies per year. KIIS uses a variety of sociological methods: face-to-face interviewing, postal, and telephone interviewing, CATI (computer-assisted telephone interviewing), CAPI (computer-assisted personal interviewing), focus groups, in-depth interviewing. For more details about KIIS, please, visit the website http://www.kiis.com.ua

This report has been written and composed by Oleksandr Dyshlevyy (KIIS), Edward Rakhimkulov (RADA Program), and Yulia Sakhno (KIIS).

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